Intended to transport personnel and cargoes. The GAZ-33097 prototype vehicle is a further development of the well-known GAZ-66-11 truck model. The vehicle is the prototype of the GAZ-3308 and GAZ-33081 Sadko trucks. The vehicle uses a modern conventional bonnet cab with the cab internal volume increased as compared to the GAZ-66-11. The controls are arranged to modern requirements as the seat adjustment and the steering with a hydraulic booster ensuring high level of comfort under complicated vehicle operation conditions. The GAZ-33097 has the mounting characteristics not inferior to those of the GAZ-66-11 vehicle. The vehicle is designed for operation at an ambient temperature of -45 to +50 °C, a relative air humidity of up to 98 % at a temperature of +25 °C and a wind velocity of up to 30 m/s and in conditions of highlands at an altitude of up to 4,500 m with a capability of clearing passovers of up to 4,650 m. A four-stroke multifuel diesel engine with gas-turbine charging and a power of 81-88 kW (110-120 hp). The vehicle design permits installation of different models. A mechanical, three-way and 5-speed gearbox with continuous gear meshing and synchronizers for gears 2, 3. 4 and 5. A mechanical 2-step transfer gearbox with a direct drive and a reduction gear and with front and rear axle drives. Driving axles: final drive - of a bevel hypoid type, differential - of a limited-slip gearless type. Front suspension: longitudinal half-elliptic leaf springs with attachment in rubber cushions and hydraulic shock absorbers. Rear suspension: longitudinal half-elliptic leaf springs with attachment in rubber cushions and additional shock absorbers. Frame: stamped riveted type. Wheels: disk type with 228G-457 rims with bead and split locking rings. Tires: pneumatic, size 12.00-R18 or 12.00-R20. Air pressure regulation system: centralized and controllable from the cab. Steering: a mechanical steering drive with a hydraulic booster. A trauma-safe steering column. Brake systems: the working system is of a two-circuit type with separate axle deceleration and a hydrovacuum booster. The brake mechanism is of a drum type. The parking brake system is a of transmission type with a mechanical drive. Electrical equipment: a single-wire system, 24 V, two 6ST110A storage batteries or four 6ST55 storage batteries.
The first presentation of GAZ 3907 was held at the "Resque Eqipment 1994" public show. The presentation was modest, but mass media immediately noticed a new vehicle, called it "Russian Hummer". But the project was frozen later, after two prototypes finished factory tests. Only in 2007 production version GAZ 3937 'Vodnik' went into service.
GAZ 3937 'Dragun' T4 racing truck based on a multipurpose miliraty vehicle GAZ 3937 'Vodnik'. The racing version was developed specially for rally raids by Technoservise-NN company. Wheel configuration - 4x4, engine - 210 hp YAMZ-236N diesel, transmission - 5-speed manual, GVW - 5600 kg, road clearance - 475 mm, wheelbase - 3000 mm, turning radius - 10 m, suspension - independent of all wheels. The vehicle has a power steering. 2 racing 'Draguns' were made.
The main difference of GAZ 39371 from the GAZ 3937 in the front module design. The vehicle uses a three-seat module with the driver seat and the commander seat arranged in a row and the passenger seat being behind the driver. 'Vodnik' has modular design. Welded body has two detachable modules: front and rear. The front module includes crew cab and engine compartment. The rear module can be used to transport people or cargos, install of a special equipment. The main feature of this design is possibility to replace one module to another. So, one chassis with several modules can perform several different jobs. GAZ 39371 produced by Arzamas Vehicle Factory, not by GAZ factory.
Renault Trucks introduces Urban Lab 2 - its laboratory distribution vehicle developed with six partners under the collaborative EDIT (Efficient Distribution Truck) project. Combining innovative technology in aerodynamics, hybridisation of the engine, tyres and vehicle-infrastructure communication, fuel consumption savings of 13% have been achieved. Whereas Optifuel Lab 1 and 2 were experimental vehicles dedicated to Research and Development for Long Distance transport, Urban Lab 2, designed using a 19-ton Renault Trucks D WIDE Euro 6, targets the urban and regional distribution sector. The truck features a range of technology developed with six partners, namely Valeo, Lamberet, Michelin, BeNomad, INSA Lyon (LamCoS) and IFSTTAR (LICIT). Urban Lab 2 is the result of the EDIT (Efficient Distribution Truck) project, financed by the Single Inter-Ministry Fund, Auvergne Rhône-Alpes Region, Métropole de Lyon, Ain Department Council and the FEDER. The aim is to offer accessible innovation by 2020, focusing on four key areas: aerodynamics, the drive chain, connectivity and tyres. To reduce the aerodynamic drag of the Urban Lab 2 - and therefore its fuel consumption - engineers worked on airflow throughout the vehicle. Lamberet and Renault Trucks adapted the cab, chassis and refrigerated body to the recommendations of aerodynamic specialists, whilst meeting the regulatory and operating requirements of controlled-temperature transport. The first step involves reducing the front surface area: "The refrigeration unit is normally located above the cab", explained François Savoye, Energy Efficiency Strategy Manager at Renault Trucks. "On Urban Lab 2, we decided to position it in the wheelbase of the vehicle to free up space overhead and optimise the body/tractor link to lower the body and improve airflow. This meant we could incorporate a roof deflector shaped to provide seamless continuity with the body. Redesigning the interior architecture of the refrigerated body has made a marked improvement in the shape of the roof, without adding to the height. As for the sides of the vehicle, these are fitted with textile side deflectors. "We have used a PVC-coated textile for the first time", François Savoye added. "When stretched and fitted on the side protectors, it provides a light, effective and economic system." Lateral airflow is also boosted by streamlined wheels and the fitting of rear deflectors that are perfectly in keeping with the architecture and continuity of the tailgate. These deflectors are angled so as to reduce depression in the slipstream of the vehicle and do not require any manual operation when handling the doors. The access step is completely covered thanks to a mobile guard opened by door extensions that provides a seamless continuity between the upper and lower sections of the cab. Ground clearance is optimised by the addition of flexible components, thus optimising air flow in the understructure. Lastly, replacing wing mirrors with a system of profiled cameras and internal feedback screens also helps reduce vehicle air resistance. To reduce fuel consumption, Urban Lab 2 also proves innovative in its engine design, with a system combining Stop&Start and micro-hybrid technology, developed in partnership with Valeo. The Stop&Start system cuts the engine when the vehicle comes to a halt, at a red light for example, thereby reducing fuel consumption. In addition, the micro-hybrid system recovers "free" energy, such as energy generated during foot lift or braking, via a high-power (48 V) reversible electric machine. This energy can be used to drive the electrical accessories of the vehicle or reduce the mechanical power required by the thermal engine. Renault Trucks has also been working with the Lyon INSA to reduce friction in the front face of the engine in order to optimise the overall efficiency of the micro-hybrid system. For Renault Trucks, drivers play a key role in reducing fuel consumption. This is why Urban Lab 2 features technology to help them with their driving by connecting the vehicle to infrastructures. Working with the company BeNomad, engineers have developed special navigation software that to provide this connectivity. For each journey, the GPS proposes the route that is the most efficient and uses the least fuel, estimating both the predicted journey time and fuel consumption. This software has been configured to take not only fuel consumption into account, but also, and above all, the operational constraints of a distribution vehicle. Lastly, Urban Lab 2 is connected to infrastructures to optimise driving through green lights. When Urban Lab 2 approaches traffic lights, it receives information from the lights and the system calculates if it is more efficient to brake or accelerate, when conditions and regulations allow it to do so. This therefore limits the amount of stop-start driving, which has a highly negative impact on fuel consumption. The traffic modelling expertise of LICIT has helped Renault Trucks to effectively integrate the effect of traffic on fuel consumption. Already a partner on the Optifuel Lab 1 and 2 projects, Michelin is once again working with Renault Trucks to develop energy-saving tyres specially designed for distribution vehicles. "The objective of these tyres is to further reduce rolling resistance, without negatively impacting other performance criteria, such as safety, grip or longevity", explained Jean-François Cordonnier, Truck Pre-development Manager at Michelin. To this end, Michelin has deployed its wide range of technologies, in particular Infini-Coil technology, to guarantee tyre endurance and safety. Firstly, the self-generating tread ensures a lasting grip throughout the life of the tyre and secondly, silica is used as a reinforcing agent in the tread to improve the compromise between longevity and rolling resistance. Finally, Renault Trucks and its partners have set themselves the ambitious target of reducing fuel consumption by 13% compared to an equivalent Renault Trucks D WIDE. The vehicle was tested for the first time on a closed circuit in November 2016 and will be roadtested in Bordeaux from February 2017 onwards. The results will be presented at the end of the project, scheduled for 2018.
would like info on setting timing on 1925 American LaFrance-12. 6 cylinder in line engine. Has Magneto and distributor. Where should the advance lever be positioned for setting timing? How many degree of timing does the engine require 34, 36, 38 degrees Before Top Dead Center. Should the engine be started with any of the compression valves opened? Need this info for a Christmas parade in Titusville, Fl. Thanks for any help. Richard Burns, fire Chief's father in law.
The Euro 4-equipped Volvo FM will be manufactured locally in the Philippines during their groundbreaking for build a factory.
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