American LaFrance » 700 Series
The all-new postwar 700 Series pumpers and aerials were announced with great fanfare in the leading fire service trade journals in October, 1945. The dramatically different-looking 700 Series pumpers and aerials placed the driver ahead of the motor for vastly improved forward visibility compared with the 500/600 series. The cab-forward configuration also resulted in reduced weight on the front axle resulting in easier handling and steering. With its nimble 160-inch wheelbase, a standard 700 Series pumper had a turning radius of only 25 feet, a vast improvement over the bulky 600 Series. Forward visibility was increased 250 percent compared to the wartime 500/600 series.
A dramatically styled 700 Series had a sleekly-tapered front end with no grille. The design was somewhat reminiscent of GM's now "F" type diesel locomotives. A pair of rear-facing crew seats flanked the engine compartment. Depending on pump or ladder size, 700 Series customers had a choice of four V-12 engines - 190-, 204- and 215-horsepower variants of the Lycoming-based V-12, or the big 240-horsepower ALF "E" V-12, the former 312A engine. Standard pump in the 700 Series was a new American LaFrance Tripflow two-stage centrifugal. The comprehensive 700 Series model lineup included 500, 600, 750, 1000, 1250 and 1500 gallon-per minute pumpers; 65-, 75-, 85- and 100-foot service aerials; 75-, 85- and 100-foot tractor trailers aerials; city service ladder trucks and quadruple and quintuple combinations. Special hose and booster cars, rescue and floodlight cars, airfoam pumpers and 4x4 airport crash fire trucks rounded out the big 700 Series.
The first production 700 Series fire engines were delivered to fire departments in March of 1947. By the end of 1950, American LaFrance had delivered more than 1400 of these cab-forward wonders. With continuous improvements, the spectacularly successful 700 Series remained in production for 12 years. In 1955, the company introduced a trio of new economy-model 700 Series pumpers named the Ranger, Crusader and Protector. These plain-looking, discontented 700s sported painted bumpers, a cut-down windshield header, cab doors with no side glass and compartmented rear fenders. These new economy model pumpers were powered by Continental engines instead of the usual ALF V-12s. More than three thousand of these classic cab-forward fire fighters were delivered before the last one was built in 1959.